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Universal Accessibility Interest Group (ACRL)

Online Doc Introductory Resources for Web Accessibility

by Adina Mulliken on Wed, Jul 27, 2016 at 05:47 pm

*NEW TO THIS PAGE*

Riley-Huff, D.A. (2015). Supporting Web Accessibility Through Rich Internet Applications: Insights for Libraries, in Anne Woodsworth , W. David Penniman (ed.) Accessibility for Persons with Disabilities and the Inclusive Future of Libraries (Advances in Librarianship, 40) Emerald Group Publishing Limited.

*NEW TO THIS PAGE*

Riley-Huff, D.A. (2015). Supporting Web Accessibility Through Rich Internet Applications: Insights for Libraries, in Anne Woodsworth , W. David Penniman (ed.) Accessibility for Persons with Disabilities and the Inclusive Future of Libraries (Advances in Librarianship, 40) Emerald Group Publishing Limited.

Yoon, K., Hulscher, L. and Dols, R. (2016). Accessibility and Diversity in Library and Information Science: Inclusive Information Architecture for Library WebsitesThe Library Quarterly. 86 (2), 213-229.

Blechner, A.J. (2015). Improving Usability of Legal Research Databases for Users with Print Disabilities. Legal Reference Services Quarterly. 34(2), 138-175. doi:10.1080/0270319X.2015.1048647

Justice Department Moves to Intervene in Disability Discrimination Lawsuit Alleging that Miami University Uses Inaccessible Educational Technologies and Course Materials. (May 12, 2015)
Related: Straussheim, Carl. (May 14, 2015) "Software Accessibility Suit." Inside Higher Ed.

Harvard and MIT are Sued Over Lack of Closed Captions. (February 12, 2015) article from New York Times.

Voluntary Product Accessibility Template (VPAT) Repository- Libraries for Universal Accessibility

DeLancey, L. (2015). Assessing the accuracy of vendor-supplied accessibility documentation. Library Hi Tech, 33(1), 103-113. doi:10.1108/LHT-08-2014-0077

Haanperä, T., & Nieminen, M. (2013). Usability of web search interfaces for blind users - A review of digital academic library user interfacesin Universal Access in Human-Computer Interaction. Applications and Services for Quality of Life Lecture Notes in Computer Science Volume 8011, 2013, pp 321-330.

 

Introductions to Web Accessibility:  

WebAIM Introduction to Web Accessibility

Access IT

Video clips of people using & explaining screen readers:

Accessibility: Introduction to the Screen Reader

Screen Readers and the Web 
"Learn relatively easy tips Web designers can use to increase access to the Web by a variety of users."

Automated accessibility checkers for webpages:

WAVE Accessibility Checker 
“WAVE is…  used to aid humans in the web accessibility evaluation process. Rather than providing a complex technical report, WAVE shows the original web page with embedded icons and indicators that reveal the accessibility of that page.”  People who do not have experience with web coding can share the results of the accessibility checker with IT staff.

WC3 list of web accessibility evaluation tools

Automated checker for readability:

The Readability Test Tool

Automated checkers for colorblindness accessibility:

Vischeck

Colorblind Webpage Filter

Adobe Captivate:

Accessibility FAQ

Libguides:

Formatting for Accessibility and Usability from University of Waterloo

Information about accessibility of databases and other vendor resources:

Ebook collections vendor accessibility

Blecher, A.J. (2015). Improving Usability of Legal Research Databases for Users with Print Disabilities. Legal Reference Services Quarterly. 34(2), 138-175. doi:10.1080/0270319X.2015.1048647

DeLancey, L. (2015). Assessing the accuracy of vendor-supplied accessibility documentation. Library Hi Tech, 33(1), 103-113. doi:10.1108/LHT-08-2014-0077

Haanperä, T., & Nieminen, M. (2013). Usability of web search interfaces for blind users - A review of digital academic library user interfacesin Universal Access in Human-Computer Interaction. Applications and Services for Quality of Life Lecture Notes in Computer Science Volume 8011, 2013, pp 321-330.

JISC Academic Database Assessment Tool

Schmetzke, Axle.  Accessibility of Online Library Catalogs, Indexes and Databases, and Other Library/Information Resources. This is a bibliography that includes a section on “Research Studies” and a section on “Vendor provided information” but is not currently updated.

Schmetzke, Axle. Web access in the campus and library environment This is an extensive guide to resources but is not currently updated.

Screen Reading and Library Resources.  Suffolk University Library's list of accessible databases.

Tatomir, Jennifer and Joan C. Durrance. (2010) Overcoming the information gap: Measuring the accessibility of library databases to adaptive technology users. Library Hi Tech, 28 (4) 577 - 594

Voluntary Product Accessibility Template (VPAT) Repository

Screen Reader User Guide for Library Databases:

Jaws Screen Reader User Guides for Library Databases from Penn State.   Out of date but might be used as an example.

Web Accessibility Technical Standards:

Section 508 Standards. § 1194.22 Web-based intranet and internet information and applications.

Web Content Accessibility Guidelines (WCAG) 2.0

Policy on Web Accessibility:

Frequently Asked Questions About the June 29, 2010, Dear Colleague Letter
This is a joint letter from the US Department of Justice and the Office of Civil Rights

QUOTE: “Does the DCL [Dear Colleague Letter] apply to all school operations and all faculty and staff?
A: Yes. All school operations are subject to the nondiscrimination requirements of Section 504 and the ADA. Thus, all faculty and staff must comply with these requirements…. The law applies to all faculty and staff, not just a Section 504 or ADA coordinator or staff members designated to assist students with disabilities. All faculty and staff must comply with the nondiscrimination requirements of Section 504 and the ADA in their professional interactions with students, because these interactions are part of the operations of the school. So, for example, if an adjunct faculty member denies a student who is blind an equal opportunity to participate in a course by assigning inaccessible course content, the school can be held legally responsible for the faculty member’s actions. Therefore, schools should provide, and faculty and staff should participate in, professional development about accessibility and emerging technology, and about the role of faculty and staff in helping the school to comply with disability discrimination laws.”

Report of the ARL Joint Task Force on Services to Patrons with Print Disabilities (Nov. 2, 2012)

Advanced Notice of Public Rulemaking: “Nondiscrimination on the Basis of Disability; Accessibility of Web Information and Services of State and Local Government Entities and Public Accommodations” (July 2010)
Summary: This “ANPRM on web accessibility and DOJ settlements … in recent years indicate that DOJ is likely to derive its regulatory standards for web accessibility, whenever they are published, from the Rehabilitation Act Section 508 technology accessibility standards federal agencies and contractors must meet and the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) Web Content Accessibility Guidelines (WCAG).”  (This summary is from an Educause blog)

Report of the Advisory Commission on Accessible Instructional Materials in Postsecondary Education for Students with Disabilities
This independent Commission was established by the Higher Education Opportunity Act of 2008.

QUOTES: “every postsecondary institution should offer a mandatory system-wide orientation for faculty, staff, teaching assistants and administrators concerning strategies for ensuring accessibility in all aspects of the education enterprise, including readings, courseware and instructional technology, assessments and instructor-made materials.” Page 79

“The transition to AIM [Accessible Instructional Materials] needs to be supported by training of students and support for students who are not adept in the use of digital technologies.” Page  52

Providenti, Michael and Robert Zai III. (2007). Web accessibility at academic libraries: standards, legislation, and enforcement. Library Hi Tech, 25 (4) 494.

Web Accessibility Resolutions Agreements, Settlements and Lawsuits in Higher Education:

Justice Department Moves to Intervene in Disability Discrimination Lawsuit Alleging that Miami University Uses Inaccessible Educational Technologies and Course Materials. (May 12, 2015)
Related: Straussheim, Carl. (May 14, 2015) "Software Accessibility Suit." Inside Higher Ed. 

Harvard and MIT are Sued Over Lack of Closed Captions. (February 12, 2015) article from New York Times.

University of Cincinnati Resolution Agreement (December 8, 2014)

Youngstown State University Resolution Agreement (November, 2014)

University of Montana Accessibility Resolution Agreement (March 19, 2014)

Civil Rights Agreement Reached with South Carolina Technical College System on Accessibility of Websites to People with Disabilities (March 8, 2013)

Settlement Agreement Between the United States of America, Louisiana Tech University, and the Board of Supervisors for the University of Louisiana System Under the Americans with Disabilities Act (July 23, 2013)

NFB and Penn State Accessibility Complaint Resolved (Oct 11, 2011) Summary from Educause.

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ALCTS Metadata Interest Group

Discussion Program Slides: Hidden Stories, Inclusive Perspectives: Describing Photographs of Jewish Refugees in Shanghai

by Michael Bolam on Wed, Jul 27, 2016 at 02:46 pm

Presentation slides from the ALCTS Metadata Interest Group Program at the 2016 ALA Annual Conference in Orlando are available below as an attachment (pdf). 

Hidden Stories, Inclusive Perspectives: Describing Photographs of Jewish Refugees in Shanghai   

Presenter: Rachel Wen-Paloutzian, Loyola Marymount University

Abstract:

Presentation slides from the ALCTS Metadata Interest Group Program at the 2016 ALA Annual Conference in Orlando are available below as an attachment (pdf). 

Hidden Stories, Inclusive Perspectives: Describing Photographs of Jewish Refugees in Shanghai   

Presenter: Rachel Wen-Paloutzian, Loyola Marymount University

Abstract:

When a collection of over 600 photographs and negatives was discovered in the backlog of Loyola Marymount University LMU Library’s Department of Archives and Special Collections, there were moments of surprise, intrigue, and fascination. While information about the collection is limited, the pictures have presumably been taken by Werner von Bolternstern, a photographer and avid postcard collector, who donated the collection among many others to LMU. The Werner von Bolternstern Shanghai Photograph and negative Collection offers rare visual records and remarkable documentation of life in Shanghai, China, from 1937 to 1949. Besides Shanghai urban landscapes, historical  architecture, and street scenes, the photographs offer a unique glimpse into the community of Jewish refugees living in Shanghai at the time, including social life, businesses,  community events, and government documents of Jewish refugees who fled the Holocaust.

Through contemplating various strategies for developing accurate and inclusive metadata, this presentation will discuss the research and creation process of descriptive metadata for the Werner von Bolternstern Shanghai Photograph and Negative Collection. It will highlight ethical and political questions in terms of how to appropriately describe the photographs and how to create sensible description out of uncertainty. As the presentation will evaluate controlled vocabularies and subject headings, especially for images of people who might or might not be Jewish refugees, it illustrates the importance  of metadata in historical identification and narratives. Part of the research for metadata creation is to understand the historical and social context of these images, not making a conclusion but opening the door to more meaningful conversation on this topic.  Further, this presentation will explore two strategies to ensure inclusiveness and enhance description: the strategy of crowdsourcing with the community of Jewish refugees who lived in Shanghai during the 1930s and 1940s, as well as the strategy of maintaining  a balance between description and interpretation in order to sensitively represent diverse communities from different perspectives. Perhaps the most important strategy for increasing cultural inclusiveness of metadata is to be open and flexible, as we treat metadata as dynamic living narration of stories and perspectives.      

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ALCTS Metadata Interest Group

Discussion Program Slides: Impacts and Limitations of Culturally Responsive Subject Headings in Tribal College Libraries

by Michael Bolam on Wed, Jul 27, 2016 at 02:44 pm

Presentation slides from the ALCTS Metadata Interest Group Program at the 2016 ALA Annual Conference in Orlando are available below as an attachment (pptx). 

Impacts and Limitations of Culturally Responsive Subject Headings in Tribal College Libraries

Presenter: Hannah Buckland, Leech Lake Tribal College

Abstract:

Presentation slides from the ALCTS Metadata Interest Group Program at the 2016 ALA Annual Conference in Orlando are available below as an attachment (pptx). 

Impacts and Limitations of Culturally Responsive Subject Headings in Tribal College Libraries

Presenter: Hannah Buckland, Leech Lake Tribal College

Abstract:

At tribal college libraries, prejudice embedded in controlled subject vocabularies impedes students’ access to library materials.  The Eurocentric terminology and viewpoint underpinning Library of Congress Subject Headings, for example, often exclude tribes which have not been federally recognized, favor anglicized generalization over local precision, and treat concepts as mutually exclusive entities rather than overlapping, interrelated pieces, as is more consistent with Native worldview.  Culture directly molds classification; while no classification system is free of cultural bias, mass-adopted classification systems like LCSH are troubling in that they fail to reflect the full spectrum of diversity, both of the collection and of library users.

At the Bezhigoogahbow Library—a joint-use academic/community library serving both students of Leech Lake Tribal College LLTC and residents of the Leech Lake Reservation in northern Minnesota—locally assigned, culturally responsive subject headings improve access to LLTC-owned materials.  Strategies for developing this metadata will be discussed.  Despite  local successes, however, library staff have observed students familiar with the specialized vocabulary of the Bezhigoogahbow Library’s online catalog struggle when conducting subject searches in the consortial catalog and databases where LCSH remain the norm.  While inclusive metadata may originate on a local level, implementation on a larger scale remains necessary.

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Virtual Communities and Libraries

Discussion CVL Grand Finale Tour Summer Exhibit 7/30 9am Pacific

by Valerie Hill on Wed, Jul 27, 2016 at 02:03 pm

Community Virtual Library

Summer Exhibit 2016
Libraries and Librarians in Virtual Worlds
 
Grand Finale and TOUR
 

 
Date:  Sat. July 30th  9amSLT
 
Tour the exhibit, meet presenters and colleagues to build your PLN and promote your work in virtual worlds.  All are welcome to attend.  
 
http://www.infoisland.org/news/summer2016grandfinaleexhibittour

Community Virtual Library

Summer Exhibit 2016
Libraries and Librarians in Virtual Worlds
 
Grand Finale and TOUR
 

 
Date:  Sat. July 30th  9amSLT
 
Tour the exhibit, meet presenters and colleagues to build your PLN and promote your work in virtual worlds.  All are welcome to attend.  
 
http://www.infoisland.org/news/summer2016grandfinaleexhibittour

 SLurl:  http://maps.secondlife.com/secondlife/Bradley%20University/31/182/24

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