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School/Public Library Partnerships Bibliography

Compiled by Patty Carleton

Abram, Stephen."the pipeline." Internet@Schools18.4 (Sep/Oct2011): 21-22.
The author lays out a straightforward set of tasks that public librarians and school librarians can do to foment greater participation of school-age patrons in their shared communities.

Amann, Janet and Sabrina Carnesi. "C is for Cooperation." Children & Libraries: The Journal of the Association for Library Service to Children.10.3 (Winter2012):  9-13. Available in EBSCO Accession No. 83919750 ISSN No. 15429806.
This article describes the historical context and the present state of public/school library collaboration including literacy initiatives, reciprocal programming, and fomenting mutually beneficial partnerships.

American Association of School Librarians. School Library Services in a Multicultural Society.  American Library Association, 2009. Edited by Patricia Matiel-Overall and Donald C. Adcock. According to the preface, "in light of the growing multicultural population in the United States, twenty-first-century library services will require culturally competent librarians." Nine articles reprinted from AASL’s official journal, Knowledge Quest and a new article by Matiel-Overall.   It has some information on partnerships with multicultural agencies.

American Association of School Librarians. Collaboration: Best of KQ. American Library Association, 2007. Edited by Patricia Matiel-Overall and Donald C. Adcock. Articles selected from Knowledge Quest on working collaboratively in schools.

American Association of School Librarians and Association for Educational Communications and Technology. Information Power: Building Partnerships for Learning. Chicago: American Library Association, 1998.
Sets out standards for the mission and goals of the school library media program including a chapter on "Connection to the Learning Community" which emphasizes collaboration with public libraries and other institutions and organizations.

Auld, Hampton and others.  “Combined School-Public Library Facilities: Opinion, Case Studies, and Questions to Consider, Part 2.”  Public Libraries 41.6 (Nov./Dec. 2002): 310-16.  Six short essays on joint-use facilities for schools and public libraries are described.  Authors’ perspectives range from successful ventures to “challenges” to “Don’t do it!”

Bates, Jane and Nancy R. Webster. "One School, One Book: One Successful School-Library Collaboration." Children & Libraries: The Journal of the Association for Library Service to Children.7.3(Winter2009): 47-50.  The article details successes of the One Book, One School program—a collaborative between the elementary school and public library—based on the Reading Aloud Virginia literacy initiative.

Bengel, Tricia Racke. “Libraries with No Bounds: How Limitless Libraries Transformed Nashville Public Schools’ Libraries.” School Library Journal. January 14, 2013. Web. http://www.slj.com/2013/01/programs/libraries-with-no-bounds-how-limitless-libraries-transformed-nashville-public-schools-libraries/
Limitless Libraries is a cooperative effort between the Nashville Public Library system and the Metro Nashville Public Schools which allows them to combine their purchasing of print and online materials. Students and teachers in the city's 128 traditional schools now have access to NPL’s entire collection, plus several local university collections, and can check out e-readers. Library usage has risen dramatically and other school/public library partnerships have resulted from this initiative.

Brehm-Heeger, Paula, Allen C. Nichols, and Mary Anne Nichols.  Serving Urban Teens. Libraries Unlimited, 2008. Urban teens need access to your library-for homework help, for study and research, to use the computers, to socialize, to browse the graphic novels, to listen to music, and for many other reasons. Use this guide learn about staffing solutions, partnerships and programs, overcoming challenges of physical spaces, training tips and models, technology and collections, and service across library systems. Examples and anecdotes illustrate the principles.

Bush, Gail.   “Walking the Road between Libraries: Best Practices in School and Public Library Cooperative Activities.”  School Library Media Activities Monthly.  22.6 (February 2006): 25-8. Available Online.   Wilson Web.  Full text.

Brown, Laura Jeanette.  “S.O.S.: Save Online Services.” Library Media Connection.
23.5 (Oct. 2004): 50-51.
Available Online. Wilson Web. Full text.
Examples of how schools and other libraries, including public and college libraries, work together to provide online sources. 

Burrell, Jennifer and Jennifer Foster. "Library links: Public and school library cooperation." APLIS. 4.2(Jun 1991): 85.

Callison, Daniel. Expanding Collaboration for Literacy Promotion in Public and School Libraries. Journal of Youth Services in Libraries. 11.3 (Fall 1997): 37-48.
Demonstrates the need for school library media specialists and public library youth librarians to promote and create reading and learning opportunities for adolescents.

Cherry, Susan Spaeth. "Public library branches in schools: The Kansas City Experience." American Libraries. 13.1 (Jan 1982): 24.

Damaren, Norm. "Facing the Funding Squeeze: A School District/Public Library Partnership." Computers in Libraries. 17.1 (Jan 1997): 35-38.
A private school and public library in Canada collaborated to open a public library branch on the school's campus.  Prior to opening the location and during the renovation process, a clear division of labor and financial responsibilities were established.  The two institutions share library space and resources to the benefit of both the general public and the students.

DelGuidice, Margaux, Rose Luna and Marcia Garman Zorn. "Public Librarian." Knowledge Quest. 38.5 (May/June 2010): 26-29.

Delsemme, Deborah and Sandy Stuart.  “Combined School-Public Libraries.”
Knowledge Quest. 32.1 (Sept./Oct. 2003): 58-61. 
The authors summarize the research on combined school-public libraries with two examples of how school and public libraries combine resources in Kansas. Delsemme writes about the combined North Kansas City Public Library/High School Media Center, and Sandy Stuart writes about the administrative partnership between Kansas City public and school libraries.


In 2006, the Upper Riccarton School and Community Library was built, becoming the largest joint use library in New Zealand.  Article covers the planning and development, collaboration between different community stakeholders, and the ongoing efforts to make the library effectively beneficial to the populations served. Also addressed, is the effects on the library of a devastating earthquake in 2011.

Fitzgibbons, Shirley A.   School and Public Library Relationships: Essential Ingredients Implementing Educational Reforms and Improving Student Learning.  Available on the AASL website. “Printed with permission from the U.S. Department of Education. This manuscript was commissioned as part of a national study, Assessment of the Role of School and Public Libraries in Support of Educational Reform, Westat, Inc., 1998–2000.”  Explores the "range of successful, cooperative relationships between public libraries and school library media centers" and "delineates factors that need to be considered when building successful relationships." Includes detailed bibliography.

Goldberg, Beverly. "Public Libraries Go Back to School." American Libraries. 27.11(Dec 1996): 54-55.

Despite spending years publicly advocating for clear financial and philosophical distinctions between school and public libraries, many professionals are revisiting the idea of sharing resources.  Due to a decline in tax revenues slashed budgets, some library staff are starting to consider the incorporation of public and school libraries as a smart financial decision with clear benefits to the community.  Article features several successful joint libraries with positive partner experiences.

Gross, Valerie.   “A+ Partners in Education: Linking Libraries to Education for a Flourishing Future.” Public Libraries. 44.4 (July/August 2005): 217-22. Available Online.   Wilson Web.  Full text.

The Howard County [Maryland] Public Library created a multifaceted partnership with local schools to highlight, streamline, and supplement existing library services for students and teachers. Gross, the director of the HCPL, explains the many benefits of the program and the groundwork that went into making it a successful collaboration.

Henderson, Jill. "Exploring the Combined Public/School Library." Knowledge Quest. 35.3 (Jan-Feb 2007): 34-37.

Irving, Jan. Story Celebrations:A Program Guide for Schools and Libraries. Libraries Unlimited, 2008. Ten thematic chapters feature book-based activities on popular themes and study areas for children in grades 4-8. In each chapter, one program is suited to the needs of school libraries and the other is targeted at public libraries, although both can be adapted to either environment. Designed for school and public libraries, these activities are great for after-school programs and also fit beautifully into classroom studies.

Jackson, Elise.   “Formal and Informal Opportunities for Public Libraries to Partner with Schools.” Bookmobile and Outreach Services. 8.2 (2005): 45-67.
This article describes the benefits and challenges of "joint-use" or "combined" libraries.  Issues of staffing, money, planning, collaboration (formal and informal), programming, and security are described.  An extensive bibliography follows the article.

JOYS School and Public Library Cooperation Special isssue. Ed. by Jana Fine. Journal of Youth Services. 4.3 (Spring 2000): 3- 22.
Includes "School and Public Library Relationships," by Shirley A. Fitzgibbons containing recommendations for successful cooperation; "Public Library-School Library Cooperation;" by Blanche Woolls; "Queensborough Public Library and the Connecting Libraries and Schools Project," by Margaret Tice; and "Hand in Hand: Public and School Cooperative Projects," by Jana Fine.

LaMaster, Jennifer.   “Collaboration of Indiana Public and School Media Center Youth Services: A Survey Analysis of Current Practices.” Indiana Libraries. 24.1 (2005): 38-41. Available Online.   Wilson Web.  Full text.
The article begins with a review of a paper on library/school collaboration published in 1904, and through a survey taken in 2004, illustrates the current state of partnerships a century later.  It concludes with recommended steps to improve the relationship.

Margolis, Rick. "Best in the West: Fort Washakie School/Community Library." School Library Journal. 53.5 (May 2007): 36-39.
Robin Levin is the director of a combined school and public library on the Wind River Indian Reservation. The combined library serves as a welcoming community center while meeting the needs of the local school.

McCook, Kathleen de la Pena. A Place at the Table: Participating in Community Building. American Library Association, 2000.  Presents a broader view of partnerships and argues that libraries are key to successful community involvement.

Miller, Rebecca T. "We Need Tag-Team Librarianship." School Library Journal. 58.5 (May2012): 11.

Miller, Rebecca T. and Laura Girmscheid. "It Takes Two." School Library Journal. 58.5 (May2012): 26-29.  The article presents the results of a survey of spending on childrens' and young adult (YA) collections in public libraries, with particular attention paid to the finding that only thirty percent of public libraries collaborate with local school librarians when building their childrens' and YA collections. Suggestions for enhancing collaboration are offered, and other findings of the survey are discussed.

Miller, Rebecca T. “That Collaborative Spirit: Changing Times Demand More Complex Partnerships.” School Library Journal. January 8, 2013. Web.  http://www.slj.com/2013/01/opinion/editorial/that-collaborative-spirit-c...
SLJ Editor-in-Chief Rebecca Miller references the results of the magazine's public library spending survey ("It Takes Two," May 2012, pp. 26–29) revealing that only a mere nine percent of public librarians actively collaborate with their peers in K–12. This editorial mentions “Libraries with No Bounds: How Limitless Libraries Transformed Nashville Public Schools’ Libraries.” (School Library Journal. January 14, 2013. Web. http://www.slj.com/2013/01/programs/libraries-with-no-bounds-how-limitless-libraries-transformed-nashville-public-schools-libraries/) and is an introduction to "Partners in Success: When School and Public Librarians Join Forces, Kids Win" (School Library Journal. January 1, 2013. Web. http://www.slj.com/2013/01/programs/partners-in-success-when-school-and-...)

Minkel, Walter. " Making A Splash with Summer Reading." School Library Journal. 49.1(Jan 2003): 54.
Reports on a two-year study about the benefits of summer reading programs in California for schools and students, then provides suggestions for public librarians who seek to increase their collaboration with local schools. An emphasis is put on school visits and personal contact.

Muir, Maya.  “Community Connectivity: Partnerships with Public Libraries Extend the Reach and Expand the Resources of School Libraries.”  Northwest Education. 9.1 (Fall, 2003): 30-32.
Available Online. Ebsco. Full text. 
Also: http://www.nwrel.org/nwedu/09-01/comm.asp
Describes a variety of partnerships between school and public libraries “from summer reading programs to continuous collaboration.” 

Murvosh, Marta. "Partners in Success: When School and Public Librarians Join Forces, Kids Win." School Library Journal. January 1, 2013. Web. http://www.slj.com/2013/01/programs/partners-in-success-when-school-and-...
Marcus Lowry, teen librarian, Ramsey County (MN) Library and Leslie Yoder, digital literacy and learning specialist, St. Paul Public Schools, discuss several successful school and public library partnerships across the country, including collaborations in Nashville, TN, La Crosse, WI, Denver, CO, Portland, OR, the NYC/Queens/Brooklyn libraries, Monteray, CA, and Philadelphia, PA.

NCLE Staff. "Integration of Information Literacy into the Curriculum: Changing Students’ Relationships with the School Librarian." Literacy in Learning Exchange. Last updated July 10, 2012. http://www.literacyinlearningexchange.org/vignette/integration-information-literacy-curriculum-changing-students%E2%80%99-relationships-school-librariMotivated by a shared inquiry question, a team of librarians at Deerfield High School (Illinois) gathered data to support a push to integrate information literacy skills into the curriculum. They led the charge to form a cross-curricular Information Literacy Committee to develop a set of Information Literacy and Technology Standards and Targets for the school. In addition, the committee developed a survey tool to be used for assessing student progress toward achieving these standards. One important outcome was a change in student perceptions about the role of school librarians. The team received the 2011 Collaborative School Library Award from the American Association of School Librarians for their effort.

Norfolk, Sherry, Jane Stenson, Diane Williams. Literacy Development in the Storytelling Classroom. Libraries Limited, 2009. Shows just how powerful a tool storytelling can be for building vital language skills-not just reading and writing, but speaking, listening, visual literacy, and information literacy as well. A rich resource that helps teachers and tellers work together to focus story time on language development.

Peterson, Lorna. "Incorporating Emancipation Celebrations in the Sixth Grade Social Studies and Library Skills Curriculum: A University, School, and Public Library Program on Juneteenth."  Full Text from ERIC Available online: http://www.eric.ed.gov/contentdelivery/servlet/ERICServlet?accno=ED427992.
A public school library, a neighborhood library, a public research library, and a university library worked together to teach sixth-grade students about the celebration of Juneteenth, the availability of library resources, and the work of historians. Resources for educators are included.

Rutherford, Dawn and Brenna Shanks. “A Fantastic Team: Schools and Public Libraries.”  VOYA. Vol. 27.5 (Dec. 2004): 357-359.
The authors, Teen Service Librarians in the King County Library System near Seattle share their ideas, programs, and projects that they have developed in cooperating with Bellevue Public Schools.  Includes booktalking and a summer reading project.

Scordato, Julie. “School and Public Librarians Working Together.” Library Media Connection. 22.7 (April/May 2004): 32-3.
Available Online.   Wilson Web.  Full text.

"Share and Share Alike?" American Libraries. 30.2 (Feb 1999): 40,42,44.
Interview with two library directors who head joint-use libraries in California and Florida who discuss the pros and cons of their partnering institutions.

Simpson, Martha Seif and Duwel, Lucretia I., Bringing Classes into the Public Library: A Handbook for Librarians. McFarland & Company, Publishers, 2007. Print ISBN: 978-0-7864-2806-9. Ebook ISBN: 978-0-7864-8285-6.
Encouraging the collaboration of public libraries and local schools, this comprehensive guide describes in step-by-step format how to plan, organize, and implement a structured series of class visits for grades K-12. The book includes scheduling procedures and adaptable templates for print materials. Outcomes, outputs, and benefits of the program are discussed, as well as possible challenges and how to resolve them.

Smith, Mark. “California DREAMin': A Model for School-Public Library Cooperation to Improve Student Achievement.” Public Libraries. 43.1 (January/February 2004): 47-51. Available Online.   Wilson Web.  Full text.
The article details the collaboration of the Riverside County (CA) Library System and San Jacinto Unifed School District in a year-long project to identify low-performing students, have them tutored in the public library for eight weeks, and have them re-test to assess progress.

Spelman, Anne and Paula Kelly.  “In Visible Light: Illuminating Partnerships Across Libraries To Facilitate Lifelong learning for Young People.”  APLIS. Vol. 17.4 (Mar. 2004): 4-27.
While this article is focused on a school and public library partnership in Australia, the literature review and concepts of partnership based on “developing partnerships to achieve better learning outcomes” for young people is informative for all youth librarians.

Squires, Tasha. Making Connections Between School and Public Libraries. Foreward by Gail Bush.  Information Today, 2009.  Offers school and public libraries ways to achieve their own goals as well as those of the community at large.  Make the most of tight budgets while creating resource-rich environments for life-long learners.  Suggests ways to collaborate with summer reading programs, booktalks, and resource sharing.

Vandergrift, Kay E. Cooperative Dialogue: Using An Instrument to Empower. Voya. 17 (June, 1994): 73-77.
Includes self-evaluation inventories for school library media specialists and public library youth librarians that are designed to encourage dialogue and cooperation between youth librarians.

Vincelette, Pete and Priscilla Queen. "School and Public Library Collaboration." School Library Monthly. 28.4(Jan2012): 14-16. 
The Douglas County School District and Douglas County Libraries (CO) collaborate to offer access to shared database subscriptions.  The partnership also involves a School Liaison project to improve communication between school and public library branches, and to facilitate joint programs to benefit students.

Werling, Lisa Gandolfi. "Learning to Love English." Children & Libraries: The Journal of the Association for Library Service to Children. 7.2 (Summer2009): 43-47.   The article focuses on the effort of academic libraries in the U.S. to become an extension of traditional service providers to meet the needs of growing Chinese population in the country. According to the article, school library media specialists can aid libraries learn and apply lessons from other types of libraries that experienced the same challenges in serving Chinese students.

Whelan, Debra Lau.  “Picture Perfect.” School Library Journal. Vol.50.6 (June 2004): 48-50. 
Describes a winning program of the SLJ/Thomson Gale Giant Step Award in which the Williamsburg (VA) Regional Library cooperated with Matthew Whaley Elementary School in a program involving a visual literacy project in which picture books were used with upper-elementary and middle-school students.

Wisconsin Department of Public Instruction, Pubic Library Development. Combined School and Public Libraries: Guidelines for Decision Makers. 2nd ed. Madison, WI: Wisconsin Department of Public Instruction. Division for Libraries, Technology, and Community Learning, 1998.

Van Linden Tol, Paul, et al. “Reaching Out to Middle and High Schools.” Public Libraries. 44.2 (March/April 2005): 65-6, 85. Available Online.   Wilson Web.  Full text.
A description of the development, implementation, and assessment of a pilot project of the Brooklyn (NY) Public Library to bring monthly deposit collections of teen materials to local public high schools.

Young Adult Library Services Association.  Excellence in Library Services to Young Adults: The Nation’s Top Programs. 4th ed. Edited by Renee McGrath Vaillancourt.
Chicago: American Library Association, 2004.
Includes award-winning programs for youth involving school and public library cooperation.  Contact persons are provided.

Ziarnik, Natalie Rief. School and Public Libraries: Developing the National Alliances. Chicago: American Library Association, 2003.
A highly useful work that brings together a history of school and public library cooperation, an overview of the different strengths of school and public libraries, information on grants, resources, kinds of services public libraries can offer school libraries, and program descriptions designed for shared programming.

Elisa Gall's picture

This looks fabulous.

Elisa Gall
Youth Collection Development Librarian
Deerfield Public Library
920 Waukegan Rd.
Deerfield, IL 60015

Anna Koval (non-member)'s picture

Collaboration and the School Library Media Specialist by Carol A. Doll from Scarecrow Press, 2005. =)


Sabrina Carnesi's picture

Amann, Janet.  Carnesi, Sabrina.  “C is for Cooperation:  Public and School Library Reciprocal Responsibility in Community Literacy Initiatives .”  Children and Libraries. W12.3 (2012):  pp11-13. Print.

My time on the committee ended in June 2012 and I think Janet is still active on the committee.  We started work on this article right after midwinter 2012. 

Sabrina Carnesi Crittenden MS School Librarian- Newport News, VA "Write to be understood, speak to be heard, read to grow...” - Lawrence Clark Powell (1906-2001)