"On BIBFRAME Instance"
Presenter: Kevin Ford, Digital Project Coordinator, Network Development and MARC Standards Office, Library of Congress
This presentation will explore the nature of a BIBFRAME Instance within the BIBFRAME Model which is currently being developed to replace the MARC Bibliographic communication format. Defined as "an individual, material embodiment of a BIBFRAME Work that can be physical or digital in nature," a BIBFRAME Instance is understood to be an atomic unit of a specific BIBFRAME Work. The Library of Congress's Network Development and MARC Standards Office has been experimenting with this definition by way of transforming MARC Bibliographic records to BIBFRAME resources, an exercise that invariably raises the question: "How do we best identify, and create, BIBFRAME Instances from MARC records?" A number of data elements in MARC - such as provider information, physical details, and publisher identification numbers - present themselves as good starting points, but no one data point is perfect. A number of them, in fact, must be used as part of a complicated calculus to identify and create BIBFRAME Instances. This presentation will look closely at the equation behind identifying BIBFRAME Instances from MARC data points, LC's current experimentation with transforming MARC records, and it will review future implications stemming from a more atomic approach to bibliographic description.
"Redesigning the English Short Title Catalog: From MARC to Data Agnostic Triplets."
Presenters: Brian Geiger, Co-Director, English Short Title Catalog for North America, and Carl Stahmer, Associate Director, English Broadside Ballad Archive
The English Short Title Catalog is the most comprehensive guide available to the output of the press in the English-speaking world before 1801. The project is both a bibliography that aims to record every distinct item printed during the “hand-press era” in England and its territories, and a union catalog that lists both copies of those items held by libraries and, more recently, digital reproductions of those copies. Begun in the late 1970s, the database currently contains about 500,000 records and more than 3 million holdings. The ESTC is co-managed by the British Library (BL) and the Center for Bibliographical Studies and Research at the University of California, Riverside, and is freely available at http://estc.bl.uk
. Although the ESTC is an exemplar scholarly research tool, over the last few years it has become increasingly clear that the project needs to be updated and enhanced in order to capitalize on the latest available technologies. Hundreds of thousands of records from contributing libraries and an ever-growing metadata collection from online archives need to be matched against the ESTC to enrich and improve the file, a number that is prohibitively expensive to process with the traditional means of student matchers and professional catalogers. Researchers, no longer content to simply search for and download records, increasingly want both to edit and comment on ESTC data and to harvest and manipulate ESTC data for their own research. Traditional library catalog records and access software, however, make this kind of data curation, mining and acquisition cumbersome at best and, in many cases, impossible. Data transformation will help to ensure that the ESTC meets the changing needs of its users and partners and, by harnessing their energy and enthusiasm, continues to grow in size and accuracy and remains the central organizing tool of the printed history of the early modern era.